- Antioxidant An antioxidant is a chemical that prevents the oxidation of other chemicals. In biological systems, the normal processes
of oxidation produce highly reactive free radicals. These can readily react with and damage other molecules, but the presence of easily
oxidisable compounds (antioxidants) in the system can “mop up” free radicals before they damage other essential molecules. Antioxidants can be
found in vegetables, fruits and plants.
- Apiary or bee yard - An area of a collection of hives or
colonies of bees kept for their bee products.
- Apiculture - The management and production of honey bees,
queens and bee products.
- Bee products - Honey, wax, propolis, royal jelly, beeswax,
pollenand bee venom or any other product from bees intended for
human use or consumption.
- Blended Honey - a mixture of two or more
types of honey from different varieties of flowers. Blended
honeys are very common in grovcery stores. They are often
blended to produce a uniform flavor, color and viscosity.
- Colony - Queen bee with its attendant worker bees and drone
bees used to produce bee products.
- Comb means the wax like cellular structure that bees use for
retaining their brood or as storage for pollen and honey.
- Creamed honey - a blend of one part
granulated honey and nine parts liquid honey that is stored at
about 57 degrees until it becomes firm.
- Crystallization - means honey in which
solid sugar crystals have
- Crystallized honey - Crystallized honey is
a solid, granulated or crystallized, Looks like an amber sugar
- Enzyme - Enzyme is a compound that speeds the rate of a chemical process in a body. Almost all enzymes are proteins.
- Extracted honey - That's simply meansthe honey has been removed from the comb, usually by spinning the combs in a
- Flavor and aroma - means the degree of taste excellence
and aroma for the predominant floral source.
- Flora source - the flowers the bees visit to collect nectar. Also, see monofloral source.
- Flavonoids - Flavonoids are pigments that are found in many plants. The USDA defines flavonoids as a large group of non-nutrient
chemicals in plants called phytochemicals, which have biological activities related to health. A few examples are beta-carotene (found in green
leafy and orange vegetables), isoflavones (found in soy foods), anthocyannins (found in berries and other red, pink, blue, and purple fruits and
vegetables), and quercetin (found in red wine, tea, green vegetables, and citrus fruit).
- Forage zone - Land or bodies of water, within a 1.8 mile (3
km) radius of the edge of the apiary/bee yard which provides
bees with water, nectar, honeydew, pollen and propolis.
- Floral source - means the flower from which the bees gather
nectar to make honey.
- Fructose - A simple sugar (monosaccharide) found in honey, many fruits, and some vegetables. Fructose linked to glucose is the
structure of table sugar, or sucrose.
- Glucose - When you eat, your body turns the food into a sugar called glucose. Glucose provides fuel for your cells. How does it get
to the cells? It is carried to them by the bloodstream. The hormone, insulin helps the glucose get to the cells, so it can be used for energy.
- Glycemic Index - The body breaks down most carbohydrates from the foods we eat and changes them to a type of sugar called glucose.
The glucose travels through the bloodstream to reach the cells. After we eat, the glucose from the food gets into the bloodstream fast, slow, or
somewhere in between. It depends on the type of carbohydrate and the food that contains it. The glycemic index or GI is a way of measuring how
fast this occurs and how a food affects blood glucose levels following consumption of the food. Foods with higher index values raise blood sugar
more rapidly than foods with lower glycemic index values do. Glucose has a Glycemic index of 100.
- Granulated honey - honey that has been
turned into a powder by freezing or drying it to remove any
water in the honey.
- Granulation - means the initial formation of crystals in
- Harvest Equipment - Equipment used to
collect bee products for sale as organic, including honey
supers, frames from which royal jelly will be harvested, and any
other equipment in contact with organic bee products.
- Honeydew Honey - honeydew is a nectar made
from "honeydew" the secretions of insects that suck plants. Bees
gather the honeydew off the insects. Honeydew honey typically
has a strong flavor and many claims are made for its health
- Hive - Equipment used in the production of bee
products to include hive boxes, bottom boards, covers, frames,
- Liquid honey - Liquid honey is honey that
is free from visible crystals.
- Monofloral Honey - honey made when the bees
collect nectar from a single flower source. Such as a hive
located in a Organge tree grove, or in a clover field.
- Nucleus colony or nuc -.A smaller sized hive box with reduced
numbers of bees and brood, usually containing a queen; used for
expansion of the apiary operation.
- Organic Honey - In the U.S. the NOP
- Pfund color grader - means a color grading device used
by the honey industry. It is not the officially approved device
for determining color designation when applying these United
States grade standards for the color
- Pollen grains - means the granular, dustlike microspores that
bees gather from flowers. Pollen grains in suspension contribute
to the lack of clarity in filtered style.
- Polyfloral Honey - the honey comes from the
nectar of more than one flower sources. Wildflower honey is
usually a polyfloral honey.
- Propolis - means a gum that is gathered by bees from various
plants. It may vary in color from light yellow to dark brown. It
may cause staining of the comb or frame and may be found in
- Replacement bees - Bees introduced into an existing organic
apiary operation to replenish established colonies which have
been lost to overwintering, predators or other catastrophic
- Sucrose - Found in common table sugar. Sucrose is a disaccharide, which means that it is made of two molecules, one glucose and one
fructose, bonded together. A common variety of sugar found in the juices of many plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, sugar maple, beet root,
- Whipped honey -honey that has been finely
crystallized and blended with liquid honey to make it
- USDA Honey Standards;